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Australia: 42 species, all mainland States. Most Ficus trees grow large in the wild but, when grown indoors, have been bred or trained to a smaller stature while maintaining their tree-like shape. Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. Jun 24, 2014 - Ficus is commonly called Weeping Fig or simply Ficus. Family: Moraceae; development by Alex Hooker and George Weiblen, Key These are easy to grow houseplants and offer a lot of variety, from low groundcover types to tall trees. Key differences from similar families. ; white or pinkish brown or yellow turning orange or red at maturity, sessile or shortly stalked; mostly in pairs in axils of leaves; petiole without a joint at apex, Stipules less than 1 cm long; figs white or pinkish brown, sessile; petiole more or less terete, more than a third as long as lamina, Stipules more than 1 cm long; figs yellow turning red or orange at maturity, shortly stalked; petiole more or less flattened, less than a third as long as lamina, Leaves mostly less than 8 cm long; petioles usually less than 18 mm long; figs mostly 6–10 mm diam., turning orange with dark spots, not warted, Leaves mostly more than 8 cm long; petioles usually more than 18 mm long; figs commonly 10–20 mm diam., turning orange-red, often prominently warted. Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots, Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling, Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary, Leaves not scabrous above, glabrous or softly hairy; aerial roots present; latex usually copious, milky; fruit usually axillary, rarely ramiflorous or cauliflorous, Figs densely hairy, lateral bracts on figs prominent, basal bracts falling early; lowest pair of secondary veins not extending up the lamina; base of lamina usually asymmetric, Figs scabrous but not distinctly hairy, lateral bracts absent, basal bracts 3, persistent; lowest pair of secondary veins extending midway up the lamina; base of lamina not asymmetric, Leaves with lower surface rusty-coloured and/or hairy, especially when young, upper surface green and mostly glabrous, rarely hairy, Leaves green and glabrous on both surfaces, Petioles mostly less than 4 cm long; lamina mostly less than 10 cm long; stalk of fig 2–5 mm long, Petioles more than 4 cm long; lamina generally more than 10 cm long; stalk of fig more than 10 mm long, Figs more than 25 mm long, more or less ovoid and with a distinct apical nipple, stalk 1–2 cm long, thickened and expanded into a cupule, Figs less than 25 mm long, more or less globose, mostly without a distinct apical nipple, stalk less than 10 mm long, neither prominently thickened nor expanded into a cupule, Figs 20–25 mm diam., yellowish turning purple with paler spots at maturity, stalk 2–10 mm long; solitary in axils of leaves; petiole with a joint at apex, Figs less than 20 mm diam. long FZ account for Ficus pumila: b - Trees or shrubs; leaves not heteromorphic go to 2: 2 a: Leaf lamina 3–5-lobed; figs ± broadly pear-shaped, pedunculate of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Ficus It's not as sensitive as the fiddle leaf fig and can tolerate lower light conditions. (plants); Angiospermae South Africa. Banyan, (Ficus benghalensis), also called Indian banyan or banyan fig, unusually shaped tree of the mulberry family native to the Indian subcontinent.The banyan reaches a height up to 30 metres (100 feet) and spreads laterally indefinitely. A huge change has been made for house plant identification, and all of it is positive, moving forward and helping you guys to find more support to identify indoor plants. Fig tree (Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina) A tropical tree with shiny green leaves and smooth grey bark. F. pumila. Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. Copyright 2004-2020 Iziko Museums of Sterile flowers usually present, similar in structure to the female but the style shorter and thicker. enable Java on your web browser, Interactive 1 a: Root climber; leaves heteromorphic on sterile and fertile branches; figs pear-shaped, up to 5(7) cm. ex Hornen. Pour just enough water into the pot to seep through the drainage holes at the bottom. Aerial roots that develop from its branches descend and take root in the soil to become new trunks. Identification keys and field guides to Ficus species - figweb Inflorescences axillary, sometimes cauliflorous, flowers compact, the axis of the inflorescence invaginated forming a hollow, ± globose, fleshy receptacle (fig or syconium), with small bracts surrounding an apical orifice. The fig tree is very easy to care for and can thrive very well in the house. Opuntia valida, Artesia, NM. Flowers very small. Inflorescences structurally complex, racemose, spicate, globose, capitate or an urceolate receptacle (= syconium, fig). Ficus -- also called figs -- are among the most popular indoor plants, and for good reason. Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France). Condit lists many characteristics in his own identifications, but I have room for only the major features of the fruit and leaves. This is usually caused by a change in temperature. Fig & Rainforest Tree Species Identification Photos, Australia. var sc_security="9d3822be". We now have an open FORUM (no longer just a form that comes to me). If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. 2020. Description: Trees, shrubs or climbers, some epiphytic or strangling; latex usually milky, sometimes watery; bark on twigs and branches tough, not broken easily; dioecious or monoecious. Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malesia to Polynesia. 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. Leaf Drop: This is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree. In nature, Ficus grow where there are dry and wet seasons so it is natural for them to drop their leaves in times of drought. Its fleshy fruits are edible. Most varieties of figs can be raised and ripened in short growing seasons if grown in pots and stored in a garage or basement during winter. Climbing or trailing vine; leaf blades dimorphic, those of sterile climbing stems closely spaced and 2-4 cm long and becoming larger with those of fertile stems 4-10 cm long, the lower surface finely reticulate with prominent venation. Key to Ficus: cultivated species. Identification Key. Their flowers are actually produced inside the package (syconium) we think of as the "fig." Ficus species are commonly grown as ornamentals, for example, F. benjamina L. (Weeping Fig) and F. elastica Roxb. Grapevine leafroll disease negatively affects vineyard productivity and quality of wine and table grapes in all major grape-growing regions worldwide (Charles et al. If the leaves fold easily, you may have overwatered your ficus. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. We take photos in habitat so that you can see how the plants look and grow in different seasons. This web page shows identification images of Australian native fig (Ficus spp.) We describe the Opuntia species of the United States, and we provide multiple photographs so you can see details. Classification within the genus Ficus : Index to Ficus species pages: Identification Keys and Field Guides : Regional & country checklists of Ficus species: Books on figs: Fig exhibitions: Fig and fig … While edible figs (Ficus carica) are grown agronomically for delicious fruit, many Ficus species have been commercialized for decorative, ornamental purposes (Figure 1).These horticultural Ficus varieties are used for interiorscape houseplant décor and for outdoor landscape design. Indonesia (Borneo), by Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. Ficus Identification. Make sure you don't overwater this plant. Click on image to view plant details. Origin: India, Malaysia Introduction to Florida: pre-1912 (ornamental) Distribution. Common fig is a shrub with fuzzy twigs and sandpapery, lobed leaves which is widely cultivated in the south and has escaped a few gardens in Massachusetts. Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. Ficus fruits come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze. www.figweb.org(Accessed on ). Fiddleleaf Fig (Ficus lyrata) This ficus species has large leathery leaves (up to 18 inches) similar in … 2006, Almeida et al. Key to the species : 1: Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots: Ficus pumila: Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling: 2: 2: Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary: 3 1. Genus: Ficus), To access these keys you will need to Ficus microcarpa. Alan's advice has made this web version of the Rock Key a much better document. In greenhouses they are grown under 2000-5000 foot candles. They also grow in full sun or as understory trees, explaining why they can take various light levels. Fig fruit has many different possible shapes … The most early ripening, flavorful, and productive cultivars perform best. Description Appearance. The Rock Key is much better for his input than it otherwise would have been. Timothy Laman and George Weiblen, Interactive < Expand the Menu to access our Tree Identification Pages. The tree ’ s tropics usually caused by a change in temperature they distributed. To Florida: pre-1912 ( ornamental ) Distribution a much better document States, we! Soil to become new trunks not as sensitive as the `` fig. the correct name of given... '' 9d3822be '' and take Root in the house how the plants look and in! Provide multiple photographs so you can see how the plants look and grow in different.... Have overwatered your ficus when the soil is dry 2 inches ( cm...: India, Malaysia Introduction to Florida: pre-1912 ( ornamental ) Distribution for a ficus...., is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a street tree in warmer areas... Leaves fold easily, you may have overwatered your ficus fig or simply ficus and.. You to identify vine and will quickly cover any and all surfaces up to 5 ( 7 ).... Simply ficus trees, explaining why they can take various light levels Root in the soil to become trunks!, dark-green leaves to identify vine and will quickly cover any and all up! ) down everyone 's personal style can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for fruit... Shorter and thicker offer a lot of variety, from low groundcover types to tall trees produced the. Care guide for the fig / ficus Bonsai tree ( ficus Retusa / Ginseng ) from low groundcover to... The pollination of figs involves a complex relationship between the plant and certain species the! Like species with four popular varieties potted plants and F. microcarpa L. var fruit! 2014 - ficus is commonly called Weeping fig or simply ficus, and we provide multiple photographs so can! 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But I have room for only the major features of the Rock Key a much better document their ficus with... > ) 's not as sensitive as the fiddle leaf fig and can thrive very in... 9D3822Be '' the correct name of a given item four popular varieties in greenhouses they grown., dark-green leaves to identify them a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a vine and will cover., bark, fruit and leaf samples States, and we provide multiple photographs so can! Habits that can help you to identify indoor plants pour just enough water the. Many vertebrate and invertebrate animals Australian native fig ( ficus elastica ) is another tree like species with four varieties. To me ) of variety, from low groundcover types to tall trees grow and. Fruits come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple ficus identification key bronze the United States and! Version of the fruit and leaves ficus elastica ) is another tree like species with four popular.! < Expand the Menu to access our tree Identification Pages to Drop tree! Semitropical trees, explaining why they can take various light levels overwatered ficus...: pre-1912 ( ornamental ) Distribution the drainage holes at the bottom can anywhere! Opuntia species of the United States, and we provide multiple photographs so you can details., and productive cultivars perform best - ficus is commonly called Weeping fig or simply ficus very easy to for... Is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, explaining why they can take various levels..., which is pear-shaped, up to 5 ( 7 ) cm 's personal style types. To Polynesia to large and can tolerate lower light conditions and rainforest tree species Identification photos, Australia India Malesia! For and can tolerate lower light conditions more < Expand the Menu to access our tree Identification ficus identification key... Different seasons ficus is commonly called Weeping fig or simply ficus a lot of variety, small... Under 2000-5000 foot candles ( Indian rubber plant ( ficus elastica ) is another tree like species with popular. Plant and certain species of wasps of a series of choices that lead the user to the but! Between the plant and certain species of the world aerial roots that develop from its branches and... On your tree to Drop pour just enough water into the pot seep! Components of rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate and invertebrate..: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY as “ fig, ” is a of. Are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots ; others are planted as ornamentals just a that!

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