This is summarized in Rom. Faith is the hand that receives the free gift of right standing with God apart from our works. Thus for your own salvation, for your being able to resist the winds of false doctrine blowing in our day, and for your being able to present the gospel clearly to those who are trusting in their good works to save them, you must be clear on this truth: God graciously justifies the ungodly sinner who believes in Jesus Christ. “But to him who doesn’t work, but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness” (v. 5). Romans 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work Paul illustrates his point. Christ’s substitutionary death paid the just penalty for the sins of those who will trust in Him (3:25). Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 1:1-7 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 1:1-7. To receive the promise via the law would be to earn it, thus making faith unnecessary and the promise irrelevant (see vv. Romans 4 - NIV: What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, discovered in this matter? 1 What then will we say that Abraham, our forefather, has found according to the flesh? It would feed our pride. Achtemeier, Paul J., Interpretation: Romans, (Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1985), Barth, Karl, The Epistle to the Romans (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1933), Brawley, Robert L., in Van Harn, Roger E. He/she has no currency to purchase salvation, but is wholly dependent on God to provide it as a gift. You do not understand God’s grace. But that was not God’s way. What is wrong with the idea that good people deserve salvation, while evil people deserve hell? If you work to earn justification, then God owes you something. Romans 8:5-8 The evil of being carnally minded, and the good of being. IX (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1954), Luther, Martin, Commentary on Romans, (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Kregel Publications, 1976), Moo, Douglas, The New International Commentary on the New Testament: Romans (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1996), Morris, Leon, The Epistle to the Romans (Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdman’s Publishing Co, 1988), Mounce, Robert H., The New American Commentary: Romans, (Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1995), Myers, Allen C. If you see yourself as better than notorious sinners and thus somehow more deserving of salvation, you can’t be justified. Jesus Himself said, “Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad” (John 8:56). Come filthy, naked, and dirty. The law brings wrath, because it holds us to an impossible standard. John Calvin thought that it is mentioned here, long after Abraham was first justified, to prove that justification does not just begin by faith, only to be perfected later by works. Paul’s point in 4:1-2 is that if justification were by works rather than by faith alone, it would give us a ground for boasting. He does believe, is filled with joy, and goes to his execution at peace with God. We might imagine that verse 5 reverses verse 4—that we can earn righteousness by faith if not by works—that our faith imposes an obligation on God that our works failed to achieve. Justification must be seen for what it truly is: It is essential, but it is only the beginning of the salvation process. If we could earn salvation, the cross would be unnecessary. Romans chapter 1 KJV (King James Version) 1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,. • Second, God “calls the things that are not, as though they were.” This brings to mind the account of creation in Genesis 1, where God called into being light, seas and land, vegetation, etc.—things that didn’t exist until God called them into being. 4 What then shall we say was gained by Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh? 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. • the fact that none is righteous (3:9-20); I hope that I have added enough merits that God will accept me.” She dies and faces God’s eternal wrath because her faith was in her own good works, not in the shed blood of Jesus Christ alone. He regarded himself as called to both his master’s side and to the promulgation of the good news—news inextricably bound up with the death, resurrection, and exaltation of his Lord and God’s richest blessing upon sinful, erring human beings. That sweet, selfless old nun deserves to go to heaven! God justifies even the ungodly (Romans 4:5). In Galatians, Paul argues that seed is singular, not plural, thus pointing to Abraham’s one descendant, Christ (Gal. Verses 9-16 develop the theme of 3:29-30, that righteousness by faith applies equally to Jews and Gentiles. 3:10), “There is none righteous, not even one.” We’re all bugs! “(Abraham) who is the father of us all” (v. 16b). Romans 8:9-11 Christians have God’s Spirit to guide and assist them, Romans 8:12,13 by which if … Romans 4. Some commentators argue that the phrase, “according to the flesh,” should not modify “forefather,” but rather, “has found.” Thus Paul would be asking whether Abraham found some way, according to the flesh apart from God’s grace, to be justified. Before we begin in the book of Romans we need to look at the penman, Paul. Paul not only cites it here, but also in Galatians 3:6, where he argues against the Judaizers, who said that we must add our works to faith in order to be saved. Paul’s statement that God “justifies the ungodly” flies in the face of Old Testament passages that say: “Keep far from a false charge, and don’t kill the innocent and righteous: for I will not justify the wicked” (Exodus 23:7)—and “He who justifies the wicked, and he who condemns the righteous, both of them alike are an abomination to Yahweh” (Proverbs 17:15). Derek Kidner (Genesis [IVP], p. 124) notes that Abraham’s faith was both personal (in the Lord) and propositional (the Lord’s promise concerning a son). So if you see yourself as a basically good person, you can’t be justified. Rather, he had no grounds for boasting at all. 5:6). Come in your disorder. Romans 4 presents evidence drawn from the Law of Moses, Genesis ‒ Deuteronomy, for the doctrine of justification by grace through faith. In All of Grace [Ages Software], C. H. Spurgeon wrote about Romans 4:5. Neither Abraham nor the son could claim credit for their status. Though he didn’t know Jesus’ name and he had no evidence other than God’s promise, Abraham looked forward in faith to God’s Redeemer and thus God credited it to him as righteousness. (ed. In God’s sight (Rom. God has convicted him of his terrible sins, so that he despairs about dying and facing God. In verse 10, Paul states, "We shall be saved by His life." “As it is written, ‘I have made you a father of many nations‘” (Greek: ethnon—can be translated “nations” or “Gentiles”) (v. 17a). For him to say that Abraham is “the father of us all” is quite radical. Faith is not a work that merits righteousness. On payday, a worker need not beg for a paycheck, but can demand payment for services rendered. The best news in the world is, God graciously justifies the ungodly sinner who does not work for salvation, but rather believes in Jesus Christ! We need Christ’s perfect righteousness credited to our account. The New Perspective on Paul also argues that the Reformers misinterpreted Paul regarding this doctrine. You acknowledge that the wages of your sin is death (Rom. Thus many Jews assumed that Abraham was right with God, at least in part, because of his life of obedience. If Abraham had room for boasting, he also had occasion for apology. So Genesis 15 ratifies Abraham’s earlier faith. Romans 15. Romans 5:12 - Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread... - Verse-by-Verse Commentary Hi, ... as usually explained, means nothing else. In the 1990’s, many evangelicals signed a document, “Evangelicals and Catholics Together,” that would relegate justification by faith alone to the sidelines. Thus Abraham was already what we would call “saved” before this experience. As we said before, Abraham did show the world of his great faith by his outward circumcision. It’s a debt. Thus God can justify uncircumcised Gentiles who follow the faith of Abraham. 4. No person can stand in God’s presence claiming to have rendered satisfactory service, so God has no moral obligation to provide compensation for services rendered. Their families mourn the tragic loss of their daughters. Paul must have said, “God justifies the one who tries to do his best. Is it right or wrong to join with Roman Catholics in proclaiming our common faith in Christ when we differ over justification by faith alone? As they are Paul first demonstrates this truth in the heart to Jesus... 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