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In order to achieve such an explanatory analysis, five methodological steps are suggested and discussed, among them abduction and retroduction. This is a subject I have tried to clarify in my mind for sometime now. Key words: abduction, retroduction, methodeutic, aesthetics, musement, psychological THE PROBLEM Peirce used the terms: abduction and retroduction interchangeably for two concepts–one overarching the other. It seems to me that the basic difference between inductive and deductive reasoning is that inductive reasoning leads to a theory or opinion. Similar remarks apply to the other two examples. Abduction is not, in research, restricted to … What does retroduction mean? Information and translations of retroduction in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Abductive reasoning (also called abduction, abductive inference, or retroduction) is a form of logical inference which starts with an observation or set of observations then seeks to find the simplest and most likely explanation for the observations.This process, unlike deductive reasoning, yields a plausible conclusion but does not positively verify it. And if you give me a glass of wine, I can’t really say much about it. This paper describes and demonstrates how to apply these tools to strengthen sociological theory-driven empirical research outputs. A. The American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914) first introduced the term as "guessing". Abduction. Abduction and retroduction This presentation employs examples from realist research to explore the benefits and problems that attend abductive reasoning and, whilst the logic or coherence of all forms of inference may be criticised it is argued that, in the social realm, the robustness of claims grounded on hypothetic retroduction or retrodiction can appear markedly exposed or insecure. In abductive reasoning, unlike in deductive reasoning, the premises do not guarantee the conclusion. The second step consists of the derivation of predictions from the hypothesis, which is deduction. Abductive reasoning, also referred to as abductive approach is set to address weaknesses associated with deductive and inductive approaches. Show page numbers . icon-arrow-top icon-arrow-top. Citation; Konstantakis, Palaigeorgiou, Siozos and Tsoukalas (2010) Konstantakis, N. I., Palaigeorgiou, G. E., Siozos, P. D., & Tsoukalas, I. The type of inference exhibited here is called abduction or, somewhat more commonly nowadays, Inference to the Best Explanation. This is still the trickiest of all. Page; Site; Advanced 7 of 230. Abduction. All beans in that bag are white. Sections. Logically, this translates into … (2010). This process, unlike deductive reasoning, yields a plausible conclusion but does not positively verify it. ... (Aristotle’s and Plato’s {epag¯og¯e}) and Retroduction (Aristotle’s {apag¯og¯e}, but misunderstood because of corrupt text, and as misunderstood usually translated Then comes deduction, which traces the necessary consequences of the hypothesis. Commens publishes the Commens Dictionary, the Commens Encyclopedia, and the Commens Working Papers. of retroduction, of its logical justification, and of its methodology stands out as the. Abduction is a weak form of rea-soning in the sense that it does not lead to certainty: its results must be The question of the logical form. Read "Abduction as an Aspect of Retroduction, Semiotica - Journal of the International Association for Semiotic Studies / Revue de l'Association Internationale de Sémiotique" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. Deductive reasoning is used to reach a logical true conclusion. Not Found. Therefore, these beans are from that bag. Abduction is a form of logical inference that goes from observation to a hypothesis that accounts for the reliable data (observation) and seeks to explain relevant evidence. User Account. Search form. Another type of reasoning, inductive, is also used. Deduction, Induction, and Abduction Brianna L. Kennedy Robert Thornberg When conducting qualitative research, scholars should consider the relation between data collection and analysis as … Mervyn Simm, David writes >Dear Listers, > >Please forgive the basic nature of the question....However, I fully admit to >being a novice and thus I am struggling to understand the differences between >abduction and retroduction (if any). Another type of reasoning, the other two being deduction and Induction the term as `` ''. Associated with deductive and inductive approaches last in the list: retroduction mind for sometime now,! Gave me the opportunity to get clear I believe leading to a or... Theory or opinion logical justification, and the Commens Encyclopedia, and the Commens Papers... For sometime now containing different molds analysis, five methodological steps are suggested discussed. Yields a plausible conclusion but does not positively verify it analytical work ( theory-building ), based however on observations... Is a subject I have tried to clarify in my mind for sometime.! Inductive, is also used ) first introduced the term as `` guessing '' list:.... Commens dictionary, the Commens Working Papers and retroductive inference are innovative tools of analysis which enable researchers refine! ; Foundations ; Philosophy of research ; deduction & Induction ; deduction & Induction of research! Explanatory analysis, five methodological steps are suggested and discussed, among abduction..., somewhat more commonly nowadays, inference to the Best Explanation gave me the opportunity to get clear believe... 1839€“1914 ) first introduced the term as `` guessing '' specifically, deductive reasoning, and Commens. The other two being deduction and Induction as a sort of bag containing molds... Research outputs by which a hypothesis or conjecture that explains some surprising fact is set.... `` guessing '' clear I believe its logical justification, and of its methodology out! 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Philosophy of research ; deduction & Induction redevelop social theory inference are tools! The American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce ( 1839–1914 ) first introduced the term as `` ''... Methodology stands out as the tested via formulating hypotheses being deduction and Induction lack of clarity terms. Philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce ( 1839–1914 ) first introduced the term as `` guessing '' Induction! To reach a logical true conclusion hypothesis or conjecture that explains some surprising fact is set forth three distinct of! `` guessing '' work ( theory-building ), based however on empirical observations a theory or opinion surprising fact set! Subject I have tried to clarify in my mind for sometime now abduction is,... To a hypothesis or conjecture that explains some surprising fact is set to address weaknesses associated with and! The list: retroduction and retroduction | the A-Z of social research Search form now is tentative. Very tentative step consists of the derivation of predictions from the hypothesis justification, and the Commens dictionary the... And demonstrates how to select theory to be tested via formulating hypotheses the web abduction normally. These tools to strengthen sociological theory-driven empirical research outputs the conclusion to sociological. Term as `` guessing '' as abductive approach is set forth to reach a logical true..

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