At the conclusion of Operation Avalanche, Allied leadership was optimistic that Rome might fall as early as late October 1943. Yet Anzio was to turn into one of the bloodiest battles fought in Western Europe by the Allies in World War Two. The Battle of Anzio was an Allied invasion that led to the capture of Rome and the fall of Fascist Italy in World War II. 22 January-04 June 1944 . Many German units were shattered during the four months of fighting and at this stage of the war replacements were few in number and poor in quality. In a letter to Soviet premier Josef Stalin on June 5, 1944, the day Rome was liberated, Churchill defended his decision, writing, “Although the amphibious landing at Anzio and Nettuno did not immediately fructify as I had hoped when it was planned, it was a correct strategic move and brought its reward in the end.” But historian Martin Blumenson, who served in the U.S. As the battle grew longer their forces just increased and the Germans started withdrawing from various positions. These hopes rapidly diminished once it became clear that the German commander in Italy, Field Marshal Albert Kesselring, planned to stubbornly contest the Allied advance from Salerno. The Allied advance up the ‘soft underbelly’ of Europe had … Battle of Monte Cassino Summary. In late 1943, the Allied campaign to liberate Italy from the hands of the Germans was at a stalemate along the “Gustav Line,” a natural stronghold of mountainous terrain stretching across the country; just north of Naples. This multi-faceted battle marked one of the longest and bloodiest engagements of the Italian campaign during World War II. The Germans disarmed the Italians and took over the defense of Italy, but Naples and Foggia fell to … The Anzio campaign became a costly stalemate in itself, but one that successfully tied up some 130,000 men of the German Fourteenth Army and weakened enemy defences on the Gustav Line. The initial hours of the landing were relatively bloodless for the Allies. The landing at Anzio took place on January 22nd, 1944. Battle of Anzio. Eight days into the battle the Allied forces attacked German defenses on the Italian front. Following Operation HUSKY in Sicily, the Allies invaded southern Italy at Salerno in early September 1943.The Italian government quickly surrendered on 8 September 1943. Propaganda leaflets dropped during the early morning hours by order of the commander of the Allied 15th Army Group, General Sir Harold R. L. G. Alexander, urged Romans "to stand shoulder-to-shoulder to protect the city from destruction and to defeat our common enemies." Rome-Arno 22 January-9 September 1944 Rome was quiet on the morning of 4 June 1944. The Battle of Anzio. Anzio Beachhead, fourteenth in the series of studies of particular combat operations, is the story of how VI Corps of the American Fifth Army seized and held a strategic position far to the rear of the main fighting front, in the Italian campaign of 1944.